On 29 May 2018, Thai police issued summons to at least 47 more individuals to be charged in addition to 15 pro-democracy activists who were already charged by police on 22 and 23 May 2018. This would be a total of at least 62 people who are facing legal actions in this case, for exercising their freedom of peaceful assembly to call for elections and democracy.
The recent name list includes Ms. Neeranuch Neamsub, one of TLHR staff who was on duty to observe and monitor the assembly at Thammasat University and in front of the UN ESCAP building in Bangkok on 21-22 May 2018. According to the summons, the 47 individuals will have to report themselves to police for notification of violating a ban on political gatherings of more five persons or more without a permission of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) and other charges on 7 June 2018, at 9:30, at Nang Lerng Police Station in Bangkok. The details of accusations and all charges against them will be fully informed on that day.
TLHR’s staff is facing judicial harassment for observing the assembly
On 31 May 2018, the Thai Lawyers for Human Rights submitted a letter to an inquiry official of Chanasongkhram Police Station to clarify and explain about the roles of Ms. Neeranuch Neamsub, as TLHR staff who was assigned to observe, monitor and report on the demonstration on 21-22 May 2018. The TLHR urges the authorities to take into account, in compliance with laws and human rights principles, this information during the investigation and preparation of charges against the pro-democracy activists.
Ms. Neeranuch Neamsub has been employed as a full-time documentation officer for TLHR, based in the Northeast of Thailand, since 1 January 2015. She has been working on human rights violations documentation and observing activities held to exercise the right to freedom of expression or other activities which have been interfered or restricted by authorities, including public discussions, public forums, public assemblies, court trials in relation to cases of human rights and the exercise of freedom of expression. During the course of observations or field missions, TLHR staff is obliged to always wear a TLHR ID name tag, making it clearly visible to other persons, including general public and the officials who have been deployed in the area. This is to distinguish our staff members from other demonstrators.
During 21-22 May, 2018, Ms. Neeranuch Neamsub, together with six other TLHR staff members, had been designated by TLHR to observe the demonstrations of the pro-democracy activists. They were there to monitor how the situation unfolded and how the law enforcement officials responded to the situation. They were not there to participate in the demonstrations. During the mission, all of TLHR staff wore their name tags to identify themselves and wore a gray T-shirt with the acronym “TLHR” (“Thai Lawyers for Human Rights”) screened in front and “Thai Lawyers for Human Rights” in the back.
Additionally, in October 2017, Ms Neeranuch Neamsub and Ms Duangthip Karnrit, who are both documentation officers at TLHR, were indicted with Khon Kaen Military Court under charges of violating the Head of the NCPO Order no.3/2015, banning political gatherings of five individuals or more, for their alleged connections to a public forum “Talk for Freedom: The Constitution and Isaan People.” They were present to monitor the discussion and had no involvement with the organizing team. Although they had clearly identified themselves as observers with the authorities, they were accused of the same charge as other activists.
Background of the case
On 22 May 2018, at 07.30, the 15 human rights defenders who are part of the newly formed ‘We Want to Vote Movement’ gathered as part of a group of about 300 people in total at the Thammasat University’s Tha Phrachan Campus, having camped there over night, with the intention of marching to Government House in Bangkok to demand the end of military dictatorship that began with the coup in 2014 by the self-proclaimed National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), and elections within this year as previously promised by the head of the NCPO, General Prayuth Chan-ocha. They were blocked by rows of around 2000 police at the main entrance of the university.
Police arrested ten of the human rights defenders at a checkpoint to block the march, near the UNESCAP building. They arrested the other five at Thammasat University.
Under orders from an official of the NCPO, police on May 22 and 23 charged the 15 with sedition, violating the junta’s ban on political gathering of five persons under the Head of the NCPO Order (No. 3/2558), the Public Assembly Act 2015, and the Road Traffic Act. They could yet be charged with additional offences. At the time they were held in police custody.
On 24 May 2018, after detaining them for two nights the police took the 15 human rights defenders to Bangkok Criminal Court around noon. Police submitted a request to the court for 12 days of further pre-trial detention while TLHR lawyers representing 14 of the 15 submitted a motion to object to the police request. At 15.20, the Court dismissed the motion, but after TLHR lawyers were able to secure surety for the accused to obtain bail the court granted bail at 17.20. As a result, the 15 human rights defenders had to place a cash total of THB1.5 million (USD46,800) – THB100,000 per person. The court also imposed conditions that breach international human rights standards, namely, prohibiting the accused from organizing or participating in an assembly that might violate domestic law, which itself is inconsistent with Thailand’s obligations as a State party to the ICCPR.
The charges against the 15 human rights defenders include Section 116 of the Penal Code or ‘sedition’, Section 215 (ten persons upwards being assembled together to do or threaten to do an act of violence, or to do anything to cause a breach of the peace), and Section 216 (refusing to disperse after being ordered so by competent official); as well as violations of the Head of the NCPO Order no. 3/2558, article 12 prohibiting a political gathering of five persons and more, violations of the Road Traffic Act, and violations of the Public Assembly Act 2015.
If convicted of the offences brought against them as listed in the appendix, the accused face up to seven years in jail.
List of 15 arrested human rights defenders
- Rangsiman Rome (25)
- Sirawith Seritiwat (25)
- Piyarat Chongthep (27)
- Chonthicha Jangrew (25)
- Anon Nampa (33)
- Nuttaa Mahattana (39)
- Ekkachai Hongkangwan (43)
- Chokchai Pairatchata (43)
- Nikorn Wittayaphan (57)
- Wiset Sangkhawisit (59)
- Putthaising Pimchan (61)
- Khiri Khanthong (49)
- Wirote Trongngamrak (29)
14-15. two others who want to remain anonymous. (both men of age 54 and 55)
Note: Defendants 1-7 were the leaders of the assembly and of the We Want to Vote Movement.
They are obliged to report themselves to the court on 11 July 2018 at 08.30.
 TLHR submits complaint letter to UN over arrest and charging of 15 activists in Bangkok, https://www.tlhr2014.com/?p=7612
 Talk for Freedom suspects indicted, Khon Kaen Military grants bail for 10,000 Baht each, https://www.tlhr2014.com/?p=5520
 15 pro-democracy activists released with court’s condition barred from political gathering, https://www.tlhr2014.com/?p=7594
Edited on 20.15 : on 7 June 2018, at 9:30, at Nang Lerng Police Station in Bangkok